What are flavonoids and why should you understand them if you love cannabis? Well, we hear a lot about cannabinoids and terpenes, but rarely discuss flavonoids. They are yet another substance in cannabis producing effects. We recently explained the entourage effect and reading that article first will help you understand how flavonoids contribute to marijuana’s effects.
What Are Flavonoids
Most plants produce flavonoids to fulfill numerous functions. Flavonoids affect pigments for flower coloration, creating red/blue or yellow pigmentation in petals made to entice pollinator animals. Flavonoids influence UV filtration, symbiotic nitrogen fixation, and floral pigmentation while plants grow.
They might also serve as chemical messengers, cell cycle inhibitors, and physiological regulators. Additionally, several flavonoids inhibit disease so they protect the plant.
In recent years, researchers have turned to different flavonoids to describe several of the health benefits linked with diets rich in vegetables and fruits. Based on the Linus Pauling Institute research, flavonoids are effective antioxidants with immune and anti-inflammatory system advantages. Diets full of foods rich in flavonoids are often associated with cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative prevention. Nevertheless, it’s not even clear whether the flavonoids are the reason for the health benefits. At this point, clues do point in that direction.
But, what are flavonoids in cannabis?
What Are Flavonoids In Cannabis
The distinctive taste and scent of a cannabis strain is made in part by flavonoids. Terpenes aren’t the only substance granting cannabis its aroma. Some flavonoids, like quercetin, kaempferol and luteolin, naturally appear in numerous various plants. Flavonoids exclusively in cannabis are called cannaflavins.
Cannaflavins don’t just smell good, they’re pharmacologically active. For instance, cannaflavin A appears to reduce inflammation by inhibiting the inflammatory molecule PGE 2. It works even better than asprin
Similar to CBD, flavonoids modulate THC’s affects. Through complex biochemical systems, flavonoids interact with receptors in the body. Some interact with estrogen receptors, others serve as powerful antioxidants or perhaps prevent enzymatic processes.
In the same way CBD affects the body without making you feel high, terpenes and flavonoids round out the impact of cannabis. Science is still researching how whole plant medicine makes cannabis more effective.
What Are Flavonoids: What About Terpenes?
Terpenes are like but completely different from flavonoids. They’re volatile molecules which evaporate easily and also add to the aroma of every strain. Humans, animals and plants all produce terpenes which deter parasites among other helpful functions. The same as several other strong smelling flowers & plant life, cannabis develops terpenes in order to attract beneficial insects and also to chase away predators. It seems that outside factors during growth influence a plant’s terpene development.
Similarly to flavonoids, terpenes produce a good tasting and good smelling cannabis. Study has determined that terpenes are psychoactive and also add to the entire impact of a strain too. They clearly show a broad range of effects, anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, including sedation, and a lot more. Perhaps amazingly, a maximum of 30 % of cannabis smoke contains terpenoids and terpenes.
The fantastic range of scents in cannabis strains has already been remarkable, but most intriguing property of terpenes is the ability to modify the actions of other cannabis compounds. Terpenes can modify just how much THC passes through the blood brain barrier, for instance. They appear to egulate neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine by altering the rate of decomposition and creation, their accessibility and movement to receptors.