The new generation of cannabis consumer is one part botanist. We want to understand more about our favorite plant. That includes what gets us high and how. Embarking on this quest for knowledge is a bit tricky, however. Today, 420 Pony breaks down cannabinoids for you. What are cannabinoids, where are they in the marijuana plant, and how do they affect our bodies?
The goal of these 420 Pony Breakdowns is to provide quick and encapsulated information on your most frequently asked cannabis questions. So, you arrived wondering what are cannabinoids but you’ll leave possessing all the information you desire.
*insert dramatic intellectual chuckling here*
What Are Cannabinoids?
There are over 100 cannabinoids in marijuana. You’ve probably heard about THC the most because it causes the ‘high’ most associate with cannabis. The runner-up award goes to CBD. People are buzzing about CBD because it treats a variety of conditions and doesn’t deliver any psychoactive effects. Additionally, these two cannabinoids are usually the most present in cannabis.
So, logically speaking, cannabinoids are active chemical compounds in marijuana that produce different mental and physical effects. Each one binds to different receptors in the brain and that causes a change in different body functions.
For instance, THC binds to receptors that impact short-term memory, memory encoding, and coordination. CBD behaves differently and eases nausea, reduces depression, and stabilizes mood. It is also useful in treating conditions like epilepsy.
Where Are Cannabinoids in Cannabis?
You can’t see cannabinoids by looking at cannabis but you can see the little structures that create it.
Cannabinoids come from the resin of the cannabis plant. These glands develop on tiny hairlike structures on the plant called trichomes.
The Greek root of the word trichomes means hair like, which will help you remember what you’ve learned today. These trichomes mostly group on the buds of the marijuana plant but also appear on the leaves and stalk.
CBD vs THC
Every cannabinoid works differently once it enters your system. A quick look at the differences between CBD and THC shed some light on the concept.
THC is psychoactive while CBD is not. Furthermore, THC prefers CB1 receptors while CBD bonds to CB2. Because each of these receptors governs a different part of body function, each cannabinoid produces different physiological effects.
You can read more about this in our previous article, THC vs CBD.
Keeping The Breakdowns Coming
So, that answers what are cannabinoids. If you still have questions, give us a shout on social media and we’ll update this post with answers to the most interesting and repetitive questions.
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The next breakdown picks apart the anatomy of a cannabis bud, so stay tuned for more tasty treats!